A person who has low or absent sexual interest or desire for people of any gender.
Asexuality is generally defined as a lack of sexual attraction to others or the lack of interest in sex. There are two forms of asexuality: 1. People who have a sex drive but do not direct this towards others—they may masturbate; and 2. People who have no sex drive at all.
While both generalized HSDD and asexuality imply a general lack of attraction to anyone, asexuality is not considered a disorder or sexual dysfunction, or the consequence of a medical or social problem. Asexuals do not identify with being sick or demonstrate anxiety about being asexual per se. Asexuality cannot be cured like a disorder. Asexuality is not a problem-; the problem may be that society does not understand it. Asexuals do not choose to have low sexual desire. Asexuality is a life-enduring characteristic.
The largest community supporting asexuality as an orientation is, The Asexuality Visibility & Education Network (AVEN). With approximately 30,000 members, AVEN supports the notion that asexuality is biologically determined. Celibacy is viewed as a choice—asexuality is an orientation. Founded in 2001 by David Jay, the organization has two primary goals:
1. To create public acceptance and discussion of asexuality.
2. To facilitate the growth of an asexual community.